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Cognitive Impact of Interactive Multimedia

Author: Yanko F. Michea, M.D., M.S., Ph.D (2004)

Primary Advisor: Cynthia L. Phelps, PhD

Committee Members: Todd R. Johnson, PhD; Jiajie Zhang, PhD

PhD Thesis, The University of Texas School of Health Information Sciences at Houston.

Technology has been gradually introduced in health education. One of the most attractive features of this technology-based education is the use of multimedia. In this article we explore the research evidence about the role that multimedia is playing in education. From that analysis we describe the most relevant features of this technology to prepare a common ground of discussion about the evaluation of its impact on educational outcomes. As part of this analysis, we organize current research evidence on the use of technology in medical education, distinguishing diverse variables involved in the process, like knowledge (declarative, procedural), learner characteristics, curricular scenario, etc. This article presents an overview of the Distributed Representations theory and its relationship with research on educational outcomes and multimedia. Next we discuss the relationship between media and diverse learning theories, proposing a theory based taxonomy for educational multimedia.